Krkonoše Photo - 1 Krkonoše Photo - 2 Krkonoše Photo - 3 Krkonoše Photo - 4 Krkonoše Photo - 5 Krkonoše Photo - 6 » Interesting technical and mining sites » Jan Sverma Mine – Zacler

Jan Sverma Mine – Zacler

Jan Sverma Mine – Zacler
Důl Jan Šverma Důl Jan Šverma - důlní věž Důl Jan Šverma - výstava Důl Jan Šverma - vozík Důl Jan Šverma – Žacléř
Na Štole, 542 01 Žacléř
Phone: (00420) 499 409 102
Map: View

Black coal used to be exploited around Zacler as early as in 1570. However, the greatest boom came in the 18th and 19th century. The Julie (53 m) and Marie (186 m) shafts were excavated in 1853-1872, both equipped with a steam-powered hoisting machine and Marie also with a pump to remove water. Several shafts were joined in 1950 to make the existing mine called Jan Sverma, which thus become the oldest black coal mine in Bohemia. That’s when the main extraction shaft, “Jan”, began to be mined, with approx. 600 miners extracting 200-250 thousand tons of coal per year. After the 1989 changes, the mining turned out to be uneconomic, and mining in Zacler was closed down on 31/12/1992 after more than four centuries, leaving underground, besides coal reserves, also over 77 km of drifts and crosscuts in an area of 10 Jan Sverma is now a technical monument and lies on the right-hand side of the road from Zacler to Lampertice.